Portwine Stains are vascular birthmarks where swollen blood vessels form a reddish-purplish discoloration in the skin. They are most commonly seen on the face, arms and legs, starting off flat and lighter in color, getting darker and possible thicker as a person ages. Like brown birthmarks, there is no medical need to remove a port wine stain, but many people with them will seek removal for cosmetic reasons.
Port wine stains are treated with the VBeam or Pulsed Dye laser. The VBeam works by producing an intense burst of light that allows the selective destruction of the overabundance of blood vessels without harming the surrounding tissue. A series of treatments are generally needed for complete removal.
Skin blemishes or discolorations that are present at birth or appear soon after are most commonly known as ‘birthmarks’. They come in all shapes and sizes, are usually red or brown and signify an overabundance of superficial blood vessels or pigmented cells. Treatment depends on the type of lesion.